ANTH 230 Bones, Stones, Fire and Clay • 5 Cr.


Delve into the earliest forms of human technology with this hands-on course that traces the evolution of tools from their earliest origins, millions years ago up to the end of the Stone Age. Students directly engage with materials through a quarter-long project that moves through the progression of tool technologies. Prerequisite: ANTH& 215 or ANTH& 205 prerequisite/co-requisite.


After completing this class, students should be able to:

  • Analyze hypotheses that have been proposed to explain the development of tools in the primate order in an ecological framework.
  • Describe the characteristics of the major tool industries found in the human archaeological record and identify the accepted species associated with each.
  • Apply the models of cultural evolution and cultural ecology to the development of new tool industries.
  • Create examples of the major tool industries found in the human fossil record using similar techniques.
  • Describe the sciences behind the production and function of the tools found in the human fossil record.
  • Describe tool making traditions in modern human cultures and how they compare to fossil record tool making traditions.