BIOL& 212 Biology Majors Animal • 6 Cr.


Second in a three-course sequence for science majors and pre-professional students. Topics include evolution of species, embryonic development of animals, vertebrate systems, and animal taxonomy. Prerequisite: BIOL& 211 with a C or better.


After completing this class, students should be able to:

  • Describe the theory of evolution, including principles and mechanisms of microevolution, speciation and macroevolution
  • Describe the evidence supporting the theory of evolution
  • Identify key events in the history of life on Earth, including hypotheses concerning the origins of life, organelles, and multicellularity
  • Construct and interpret phylogenetic diagrams from morphological and genetic data
  • Identify distinguishing characters of major animal taxa using phylogenetics as a comparative tool
  • Describe the diverse adaptations and ecological roles of organisms within each taxon
  • Describe and compare the major organ systems in animals, with emphasis on chordate structure and function. Contrast key structures between chordate and invertebrate organisms
  • Exhibit science study and process skills including making quality observations, using microscopes safely, and writing taxonomy