PHIL 160 Philosophy of Science • 5 Cr.


Surveys various approaches to scientific thought, using examples from the history of science and philosophy. Students look critically at concepts of scientific method, scientific laws, casualty, determinism, indeterminism, pseudo-science, and prediction/confirmation/induction.


After completing this class, students should be able to:

  • Formulate, clarify, and evaluate arguments.
  • Identify and explain central philosophical issues concerning science.
  • Explain the problem of induction and various attempts to address it.
  • Discuss the nature of theories and models in science.
  • Evaluate varieties of scientific realism and anti-realism.
  • Explain what a paradigm is and discuss the philosophical implications of paradigm shifts in scientific revolutions.
  • Diagnose the flaws in pseudo-scientific "explanations."