RATEC 107 Positioning & Related Anatomy I • 2 Cr.
Presents basic positioning principles and terminology. Students get demonstration and film evaluation experience in positioning and related anatomy of the chest, abdomen, and upper extremities. Format includes one hour lecture and two hours lab each week. Prerequisite: Acceptance into program or permission of instructor.
After completing this class, students should be able to:
- Define the terminology used to describe body planes, body part location, patient/part positioning, and body movement.
- Describe the appropriate steps for completion of a radiographic examination to include room/patient/equipment preparation, appropriate use of lead identification markers, and post-examination procedure.
- Identify and describe the basic anatomy of the respiratory system and the abdominopelvic cavity.
- Identify and describe the bones of the fingers, hand, wrist, and distal forearm.
- Locate and name surface markings found on the phalanges, metacarpals, carpals, distal radius, and ulna.
- Classify the articulations of the phalanges, metacarpals, carpals, distal radius, and ulna; and identify their type of movement.
- List and describe the basic and supplemental positions/projections of the chest, abdomen, hand, and wrist to include preferred type and size of image receptor, central ray location, and structures best visualized.
- Describe equipment considerations and exposure factors relative to radiography of the chest, abdomen, hand, and wrist.
- Demonstrate the basic positions/projections of the chest, abdomen, hand, and wrist.
- State the criteria used to determine positioning accuracy on radiographs of the upper extremity, lower extremity, and pelvic girdle.
- Evaluate radiographs of the chest, abdomen, hand, and wrist in terms of positioning, centering, image quality, radiographic anatomy, and simple pathology.